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Apply for the 2019 Donald “Charley” Knepple Scholarship Award

Donald “Charley” Knepple

Submit your application to be considered for the Donald “Charley” Knepple Scholarship Award. The winner will be announced at the 2019 Annual Indiana Probation Officers Conference in August.

The qualified candidate chosen for the Scholarship Award will be awarded $2,500.00 to help pay for their costs in continuing his or her education pursuing a Masters / Doctorate Degree.

Download the application that contains Full Information including qualifications

Apply on or before July 12, 2019

Questions? Contact Bob Schuster, Chair of Awards and Recognition Committee at 219-326-6808 Ext. 2511 or your POPAI District Representative.

2019 POPAI Elections – Time to Submit Intent to Run

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It’s time for the annual POPAI Elections.

Up for election in 2019:

  • Vice-President
  • Treasurer
  • District 1
  • District 3
  • District 5
  • District 7

POPAI District 6 Representative Andria Geigle, is serving as the Election Committee Chair.

Intent to Run Form

The Intent to Run form must be sent to Andria by Sunday July 7, 2019 (postmarked, emailed, or faxed). We will post the election slate on this page in August.

The election will be held during the POPAI Annual Meeting Thursday September 5, 2019 at the French Lick Springs Hotel.

Questions? Contact Andria at (765) 364-6475 or

We hope you’ll consider serving POPAI as a Board Member.

Lake County juvenile probation program undergoing transformation

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Northwest Indiana Times on 06/17/2019 by Sarah Reese

CROWN POINT — After reducing the number of children held in juvenile detention by more than 70 percent since 2010, Lake County now is shifting its focus to better preparing kids on probation for adulthood.

Lake Juvenile Court Judge Thomas Stefaniak said he has given juvenile probation officers a clear directive to “treat (clients) as if they were your own child and guide them.”

He wants juvenile probation officers to shift from “just being strict rule enforcers to getting more toward the bigger picture of helping kids figure out what it is they want to do with their lives.”

Probation officers should help children to become self-sufficient, rather than “knocking them down for rule violations,” he said.

Marion County joined the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative in 2006.

The county was able to reduce the number of children in juvenile detention with no adverse effect on public safety, and the state took notice, said Nancy Wever, director of Indiana Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative.

Lake and Porter counties joined the initiative in 2009, followed by LaPorte County in 2014.

Full Article

‘Wake-Up Call’ About A Broken System: New Study Shows Failings Of Probation, Parole

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NPR on 06/18/2019 by Carrie Johnson

Nearly half the people admitted to state prisons in the U.S. are there because of violations of probation or parole, according to a new nationwide study that highlights the personal and economic costs of the practice.

The Council of State Governments Justice Center said the majority of these violations are for “minor infractions,” such as failing a drug test or missing a curfew. Those so-called technical violations cost states $2.8 billion every year, the report says.

Criminal justice advocates say the analysis amounts to a call to action.

“This should serve as a wake-up call that our probation and parole systems are not healthy, not functioning as intended and need to be reformed,” said Juliene James, director of criminal justice for Arnold Ventures, a philanthropic foundation that funded the study.

Many states are trying to reduce the number of people who return to a life of crime, but the Council of State Governments said the new report demonstrates that “the harsh reality is that supervision fails nearly as often as it succeeds.”

“Probation and parole are meant to help people avoid both crime and incarceration and live successful lives in their communities,” said Megan Quattlebaum, who directs the CSG Justice Center.

About 95,000 people are locked up because of technical violations on any given day, the report says. In 20 states, those minor infractions account for more than half of prison admissions.

Some states, including Missouri and Pennsylvania, are attempting to respond to the problem by providing more treatment for people with mental illness or addictions.

The issue attracted national attention this year after musicians Meek Mill and Jay-Z joined with leaders in sports and entertainment to launch a new organization focused on overhauling probation and parole.

The issue is personal for Meek Mill, who was born Robert Rihmeek Williams. He has been on probation for 11 years, starting with a conviction on gun and drug charges that sent him cycling back into the justice system after repeated technical violations.

Report: Indiana opioid prescriptions fell by 35% since 2013

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The Indiana Lawyer on 6/17/19 by Associated Press

A national report says opioid prescriptions in Indiana have decreased by 35.1 percent over five years.

The American Medical Association Opioid Task Force 2019 Progress Report shows Indiana’s reduction in opioid prescriptions from 2013 to 2018 is two percentage points higher than the national average of 33 percent.

Deadline for Intent To Run Forms approaches

Please submit your Intent to Run in the 2019 POPAI Elections soon, the deadline is Sunday July 7, 2019.

Up for election in 2019:

  • Vice-President
  • Treasurer
  • District 1
  • District 3
  • District 5
  • District 7

POPAI District 6 Representative Andria Geigle, is serving as the Election Committee Chair.

Intent to Run Form

The Intent to Run form must be sent to Andria by Sunday July 7, 2019 (postmarked, emailed, or faxed).

Questions? Contact Andria at (765) 364-6475 or

We hope you’ll consider serving POPAI as a Board Member.

The FDA Just Approved the First Generic Nasal Spray to Reverse Opioid Overdoses

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Time on 4/22/2019 by Jamie Ducharme

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Friday announced that it granted final approval to the first generic naloxone hydrochloride nasal spray, which can be used to reverse opioid overdoses.

The approval is part of the FDA’s wider effort to make tools for stopping or preventing opioid overdoses more accessible and widely used. The agency is also working with drug companies to bring over-the-counter versions of naloxone to market, and is prioritizing the approval of other generic naloxone products.

Friday’s announcement, which makes official a tentative approval previously granted to Teva Pharmaceuticals, means there will soon be a generic alternative to Narcan, the widely used naloxone nasal spray sold by Emergent BioSolutions.

Naloxone can also be delivered by injection. Generic versions of injectable naloxone have been available for years, and can cost as little as $20 to $40. Nasal sprays, however, provide a more user-friendly delivery vehicle that can be used even by those without medical training, such as civilians and loved ones of those struggling with substance use, as well as first responders.

Nearly 50,000 Americans died from an opioid overdose in 2017, according to federal estimates. Heroin and prescription opioids continue to contribute to many deaths, but potent synthetic opioids such as fentanyl have become a rapidly growing problem in recent years, according to federal data.

The list price for a Narcan kit is set at $125, though Emergent runs several programs meant to make Narcan more affordable and accessible for first responders, government agencies and others who need it. Last year, the company offered to distribute Narcan to every public library and YMCA in the country. Narcan can also now be purchased at many major pharmacies, and — although it is not technically an over-the-counter product — state orders often allow it to be purchased without a prescription.

A Teva representative told TIME that details about the generic version’s pricing and release are not yet available.

7th Circuit rules DOC sex offender program violates Constitution

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The Indiana Lawyer on 4/26/2019 by Marilyn Odendahl

Finding the disclosures provide information that any law enforcement agent “would love to have,” the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled Indiana’s requirement that sex offender inmates give detailed accounts of their past actions violates the Constitution’s protections against self-incrimination.

Donald Lacy, a sex offender inmate in the Indiana Department of Correction, filed a class action on behalf of all inmates who lost good-time credits and a demotion in credit class because they failed to meet the requirements of the Indiana Sex Offender Management and Monitoring program. Lacy argued the disclosures required and the penalties imposed for non-participation constituted a violation of his Fifth Amendment right to be free from compelled self-incrimination.

The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana agreed. It ordered the inmates’ lost good-time credits to be restored and vacated all disciplinary actions and sanctions for failure to participate in INSOMM.

On appeal, Indiana countered that the INSOMM program does not carry any sufficiently serious risk of incrimination to trigger the protections of the Fifth Amendment. Moreover, even if it did, the state continued, the revocation of credit time and the demotion of credit class do not add up to unconstitutional compulsion.

The 7th Circuit found the INSOMM workbooks asked for detailed and specific information. Offenders are required to reveal the names and ages of their victims, what parts of the body were touched, where and when the abuse occurred, and how the victims were selected and groomed.

Based on their answers, the offenders may then be given a polygraph examination. There, they will be asked such things as how many children they have molested and how many times they made child pornography.

Indiana’s contention that the answers are so general they are not able to be used in an investigation or count as an admission at trial did not convince the circuit panel.

“Saying so does not make it so,” Chief Judge Diane Wood wrote for the court. “This ipse dixitdoes not explain why granular descriptions of the circumstances surrounding specific sex crimes and patterns of criminal sexual behavior would prove useless to investigators or prosecutors. … The questions posed to an INSOMM participant would yield answers that any competent sex-crimes investigator or prosecutor would love to have.”

Citing McKune v. Lile, 536 U.S. 24 (2002), the 7th Circuit ruled Indiana’s denial of good-time credit as a means of inducing offenders to furnish information is an impermissible compulsion to self-incriminate.

“The decision to decline participation in INSOMM is not merely a trigger for a later stage in which the state takes a more holistic view of an inmate’s progress toward rehabilitation,” Wood wrote. “Instead, a prisoner’s choice to invoke his privilege against self-incrimination is the direct cause of his loss of credits – credits that otherwise would be statutorily guaranteed… .”

The case is Donald Lacy v. Keith Butts, 17-3256.

No charges for personal drug possession: Seattle’s bold gamble to bring ‘peace’ after the war on drugs

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The Washington Post on 6/11/2019 by Justin Jouvenal

SEATTLE — Police officers sprang from a black patrol van on a recent day, surrounding two men smoking crack on a gritty downtown block. The officers asked for ID and confiscated a homemade pipe fashioned from glass and surgical hose..

Such stops have played out for decades on the front lines of the war on drugs, but this time it didn’t end with handcuffs. Instead, Seattle police officer Felix Reyes told the men, “I have someone in the van that can assist you with something.”

Mikel Kowalcyk, a recovering addict with streaks of purple in her hair, bounced out and crouched down next to the men. She had been there herself but was now working for a program that offers drug users help with counseling and housing.

“What are you thinking?” Kowalcyk asked.

The men declined any help. Such resistance is typical, but Kowalcyk would be back. Continue reading →

Prosecutor, probation officer disagree on sentencing in drug case

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Greenfield Reporter on 4/24/2019

HANCOCK COUNTY — If the sentencing is handed down the way deputy prosecutor David Thornburg believes it should be, a couple who were involved in a drug overdose in a Greenfield motel room will face jail time.

Grant Hoefener, 33, Indianapolis, and his wife, Crystal Lee, 28, Anderson, were scheduled to be sentenced on multiple felony drug charges Tuesday.

However, their Indianapolis attorneys asked for and received a continuance from Judge Scott Sirk in Hancock Circuit Court. The extra 30 days will allow the couple to search for a place to live in Hancock County, where they hope they’ll be able to serve home detention rather than go to jail.

The case brings up a rare sentencing instance in which prosecutors disagree with the county probation department on the appropriate sentence for serious drug crimes. It’s also a microcosm of the debate over how drug defendants should be treated: Should they always go to prison for their crimes, or can they sometimes be put in a place where they can get more effective treatment?

Thornburg believes the severity of the drug charges in this case dictates the couple should be sent to prison. Probation officer Mary Kay Dobbs, who handled the pre-sentence investigation, is recommending home detention.
Continue reading →

Re-Making Bail

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CBS News on June 2, 2019 by Sari Aviv

“Anger got the better of me,” said Bill Peyser, who took what was meant to be a noise complaint to another level, when he brought the handgun with him.

Back in April of 2017, he got so frustrated with his loud neighbors, that instead of just knocking on their door, surveillance cameras captured him pointing a handgun at it, and kicking it. Bad enough, but then the gun went off … accidentally, he said.

“I never should have done anything like that,” Payser said. “That’s a crazy, dangerous, irresponsible, uncalled-for thing to do. But that’s what I did, and I got myself arrested.”

No one was hurt, but the retired San Francisco cab driver knew he was in pretty deep trouble. Negligently discharging a firearm was his first thought, but much to his surprise, he found himself charged with attempted murder instead.

His bail was set at $625,000.

Correspondent Lee Cowan asked Peyser, “Was that something you could afford to pay?”

“Not even close!” he laughed. Continue reading →

APPA Position Paper: Use of Social Media as a Supervision Tool

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American Probation and Parole Association Technology Committee

Social media platforms allow users to engage with each other using the Internet to participate in, comment on, and create content, including photos and videos, as a means of communication. Examples of social media include blogs, social networking sites (such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Google+, Tumblr and Instagram), and other location-based networks. Social media use has grown rapidly. Indeed, social media usage among American adults has increased from 5% in 2005 to 69% today (Pew Research Center, 2018), with, not surprisingly, 88% usage by young adults aged 18 to 29, the demographic most likely to use social media (Pew Research Center, 2018).

The advent of social media has made it much easier for individuals to find and interact online with others who share similar interests. All this drives discovery, sharing, activism, and influence. Given the prevalence of social media in contemporary society, it is imperative that community corrections agencies take note and explore opportunities to leverage this phenomenon in a way that supports their mission. For example, by monitoring social media activity, agencies can review client posts, identify a client’s friends and associates, locate those who have absconded, observe violations in real time, and generally keep better track of those under their supervision. While social media monitoring can yield important information, this is a relatively new area with little guidance to help agencies understand the corresponding ethical and operational issues.
Download the full position paper.

New Indiana Laws Will Make Accessing Substance Addiction Treatment Easier

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Eagle Country on 6/3/2019 by Mike Perleberg

Senate Enrolled Act 33 and House Enrolled Act 1175 will make it easier for Hoosiers with drug addiction to receive treatment.

(Indianapolis, Ind.) – A bill recently signed by Governor Eric Holcomb is expanding the number of opioid treatment centers in Indiana.

In 2017, nearly 1,800 Hoosiers died of opioid overdoses, an all-time high for the state.

There are currently only five comprehensive addiction treatment centers open in Indiana. One of them is the East Indiana Treatment Center in Greendale.

But for many Hoosiers in other parts of Indiana, it can take hours to get to the nearest treatment facility. State Representative Steve Davisson (R-Salem) says no one should have to drive all day to get to the care they need.

“Senate Enrolled Act 33 is going to help create a better environment for recovering addicts and people who have substance use disorders across the state,” said Davisson.

Grants created by the new law are now making it possible to open three more comprehensive addiction treatment centers in Indiana. The grants for the centers are administered by the Indiana Family and Social Service Administration’s Division of Mental Health and Addiction.

Lawmakers hope with more treatment centers, the rate of opioid-related deaths in the future declines.

Another new law would allow licensed social workers, mental health counselors, and clinical addiction counselors to work without burdensome oversight. House Enrolled Act 1175 was authored by State Representative Cindy Ziemke (R-Batesville).

“We’ve worked really hard on the bill this year to access more services for mental health and addiction which we need so desperately in our state,” said Ziemke.

If you or a loved one is struggling from opioid addiction, Hoosiers can call the Indiana Addiction Hotline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357) or visit

More states sue opioid maker alleging deceptive marketing

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AP on 6/4/2019 by Andrew Oxford

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — California, Hawaii, Maine and the District of Columbia filed lawsuits Monday against the maker of OxyContin and the company’s former president, alleging the firm falsely promoted the drug by downplaying the risk of addiction while it emerged as one of the most widely abused opioids in the U.S.

The lawsuits were the latest by states and local governments against drugmaker Purdue Pharma as the country grapples with an opioid epidemic. About a dozen states have also targeted Richard Sackler, the company’s former leader, or members of his family.

“Purdue and the Sacklers traded the health and well-being of Californians for profit and created an unprecedented national public health crisis in the process,” California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said at a news conference announcing the legal action by his state. “We will hold them accountable.” Continue reading →

Illinois is close to legalizing recreational marijuana. Here’s what that means for Indiana.

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Indianapolis Star on 6/6/2019 by Dwight Adams

Indiana could soon have another next-door neighbor that allows recreational marijuana use. Illinois is on the verge of legalizing marijuana with major new legislation that also would expunge criminal records of people with minor pot possession convictions.

The Illinois legislature gave final approval to the bill last week, and Gov. J.B. Pritzker has said he will sign the legislation, though he has not given a timeframe for signing.

If he does so, Illinois would follow in the footsteps of Michigan, where the legal recreational use of marijuana began in December 2018 after voters OK’d a ballot measure. Neither Kentucky nor Indiana allow marijuana use within their borders.

Here’s what we know about Illinois’ pending recreational marijuana law and what it could mean for Hoosiers.

When will marijuana be legal in Illinois?

If the bill is signed, it will go into effect on Jan. 1, 2020. At that point, adult consumers aged 21 or older would then be able to buy marijuana for recreational use from licensed sellers.

How much weed would be allowed in Illinois?

Under the law, adults could buy and possess up to 30 grams of raw cannabis and 5 grams of cannabis products in concentrated form, according to the Marijuana Policy Project, which worked with Illinois lawmakers to write the legislation.

Also legal to buy would be cannabis-infused products, such as edibles or tinctures, that contain no more than 500 milligrams of THC, the chemical that makes users high.

Will there be marijuana dispensaries in Illinois?

Yes. Licensed dispensaries will be the only place where you can legally buy recreational marijuana if the law goes into effect.

Illinois, which began selling medical marijuana in 2015, now has 55 such dispensaries. Those dispensaries can apply to sell pot for recreational use, too, and the new law also would allow them to open a second location for that purpose.

According to The Chicago Tribune, some dispensaries are already planning building expansions, staffing increases and new technology to handle the recreational marijuana customers as well as an expected increase in medical marijuana sales. Continue reading →

Workplace drug use an ongoing challenge

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The Herald Tribune on 6/4/2019

New resources, including important state workforce recovery guidelines and a supporting video toolkit to assist in their implementation, are now available for Indiana employers dealing with drug use in the workplace.

In addition, a new statewide survey finds many employers underestimating the impact on their own organizations and are not seeking tools to help them deal with this ongoing challenge. The survey results are being released by Indiana Workforce Recovery, the initiative of the Indiana Chamber of Commerce and Wellness Council of Indiana.

Indiana’s substance abuse treatment law, championed by Gov. Eric Holcomb as part of his Next Level Agenda, is intended to help employers by putting forth the proper guidelines they should follow in the event an employee or job applicant fails a drug screening or voluntarily comes forward for assistance. The state of Indiana, through the Family Social Services Administration, partnered with the Indiana Chamber and WCI on delivering the guidelines.

Jim McClelland, Indiana executive director for drug prevention, treatment and enforcement, emphasizes the guidelines are aimed at helping Hoosier employers and employees.

“Developing a skilled and ready workforce and attacking the drug crisis are top priorities for Indiana. This program will represent a significant step forward for business’ ability to hire and retain individuals in need of help.” Continue reading →